A municipality is a specific geographical area. There are 3 categories of municipalities in South Africa, namely Metropolitan, District, and Local Municipalities.
Municipal councils govern municipalities and are elected during local government elections. Municipal councillors are elected through either the Proportional Representation Ballot or a Direct Candidate Ballot. Councillors in District Councils also represent local councils in that area.
Municipal Councils have a Chairperson or Speaker, a Mayor and a Deputy Executive Mayor and a Mayoral Committee. The Municipal Administration carries out the decisions of the Municipal Council.